Prince Mohamed Ali Palace - History of the Manial Palace

Prince Mohamed Ali Palace - History of the Manial Palace

Prince Mohamed Ali Palace - History of the Manial Palace

Prince Mohamed Ali Palace - History of the Manial Palace

A museum as well as the palace of Prince Mohamed Ali Manial is a magnificent exhibit of Egypt's history. It originated with Alawiyya Empire, the period during which Muhammad Ali in its place ruled Egypt. 

It is located in the southern Cairo neighborhood of Manial. Palaces and mansions were kept in excellent condition in recent decades, keeping their original beauty intact.

In this article, we will discuss the history of the Manial Palace. Let’s get started.

History of the Palace

Building work on the Manial Palace took place between 1899 and 1929 during the reign of Prince Mohamed Ali (1875-1955), King Farouk's uncle. Founder of the Persian Empire, he was the second child and grandchild of Khedive Ismail, as well as a brother of Al-Abbas Hilmi II. He was born in Cairo, Egypt, on November 9, 1875. 

With a curiosity for learning, he attended Abdeen High School before he traveled throughout Europe to graduate from Swiss high school Hyksos before he studied at Terzianum School in Austria. After his father died in 1892, he decided to study military science. He later headed back to Egypt. He was always known to be a smart guy with a passion for literature, art, science, and a great amount of knowledge. He built such a superb palace that it clearly explains how he did it.

Design of the Palace

In general, the palace's design reflects the lifestyle associated with late 19th-century Egypt royalty and their descendants. One panel at the entry informs you of the history of the palace. This palace was constructed by Prince Mohammad Ali Pasha, to revive Islamic art. The execution of the acts was to perform by the founders of Majesty, and his establishments were inaugurated in 1248 AH by Mo’alem Mohamed Afifi.

The complex conference center has five separate buildings resulting from Persian and Moorish architecture and featuring standard Persian garden designs. The complex is guarded by a four-sided marble wall commemorating a medieval castle. The grounds include several buildings, such as the hall of reception, the clock tower, the Sabil, the mosque, and a museum dedicated to hunting that opened in 1963.

The primary residence building dates back to 1903. There is a royal museum, a palace of the throne, a hall of gold, and a personal garden located nearby the palace.

Then & Now of the Manial Palace

Prince Mohammed Ali held numerous parties throughout the royal period to entertain top pashas, ministers, dignitaries, artists, and journalists. After his death, he asked for the Palace to be preserved as a museum.

In 1952, they seized the assets belonging to Muhammad Ali Pasha, and the mansion became a museum, allowing the public to view the splendor in which they lived.

The Palace in 2020, in celebration of 117 years of existence, held a special art exhibition in which they put on several of the Palace's most distinguished works of art were displayed in the main hall.

The Museum


A public art and history museum has been built in the Manial Palace that exhibits artwork. It stores a wide range of objects including pieces of art, silver, and clothing. Among the items donated by the family of Mohamed Ali Pasha were texts, drawings, gems, and candlesticks donated in 1955.

The Museum is on the south of the Vatican and includes fifteen halls spread out between small courtyards. During the time when King Farouk was alive, the Hunting Museum he owned was open to the public. In 1963, the museum opened its doors, consisting of 1180 exhibits, such as preserved butterflies and animals collected by Mohamed Ali, Yusef Kamal, and Farouk, as well as the skeleton of a horse from the possession caravan on its way to the Kaaba.

Gardens of the Royal Palace


The palace's name indicates that the gardens are within a radius of approximately 34 miles. The collection contains plants and trees acquired by Prince Mohamed Ali around the globe, such as cacti and fig plants, as well as palm trees and bamboo

Tourists can enjoy viewing these beautiful parks and gardens as well as the exotic tropical plants that the Prince collected. In addition to the palace, both the prince and the gardener are believed to have visited numerous different locations in order to beautify the palace. His cacti were among the most admired plants he had acquired straight from Mexico.

A King Who Never Was

Mohammed Ali became well known because he ruled as king three times.

Shortly after becoming crown prince during the reign of his brother Khedive, Britain asked him to leave the country, so he traveled to Monterrey, where Sultan Ahmed Fuad I granted permission to return home. It was his honor to be appointed as crown prince once again. After that, Sultan had a son named Prince Farouk. The Egyptian monarch chose him as one of the three guardians of the royal throne after the death of Ahmed Fouad II, he attended the Coronation of King George VI on behalf of Egypt during that period. 

For the third time, he became crown prince during the time Farouk was king and was followed by his son, Prince Ahmed Fouad II. When Farouk was deposed, Mohamed Ali had a chance to become king. It was still early in his son's life when he died. The Regency Council was led by Prince Mohammed Ali. This continued for only a little while before this incident ended. 

Tickets & Opening Hours

You can visit the Manial Palace and Museum every day between 9:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. The entrance fee is EGP 100 for adults and for the student the entrance fee is EGP 50. Before you take a photo, make sure you inquire about the possible photography rules at a museum. Regulations like these tend to evolve with time.


The Manial Palace is a beautiful and historic palace that is worth visiting. It is a great place for exploring the history of Egypt and seeing some of the fantastic architecture and artwork the country has to offer. It is an excellent example of Moorish architecture.